Direct Taxes – Income Tax
- A new provision is introduced to allow taxpayers to update the past return and include omitted income by payment of additional tax. The updated return can be filed within 2 years from the end of the relevant assessment year.
- Tax incentives extended by 1 year for startups incorporated until March 31, 2023.
- Corporate surcharge to be reduced from 12% to 7%.
- Alternate Minimum Tax (AMT) to be reduced to 15% for co-operative societies.
- Long-term capital gains on listed equity share units are subject to a maximum surcharge of 15%.
- Proposal to cap transfer of long-term capital gains at 15%.
- Income from transfer of digital assets such as crypto to be taxed at 30%. No deductions will be allowed except the cost of acquisition of digital assets. Loss on sale of digital assets cannot be set off against any other income. TDS at 1% will be levied above the threshold. Gifting of digital assets will also be taxable in the hands of the receiver.
- To bring parity between Central and state government employees, the Finance Ministry proposed to increase the threshold of employers contribution to the National Pension Scheme (NPS) Tier -I account from 10% to 14%.
- The parent/guardian of the differently-abled can get a tax deduction on payment of the annuity or lump sum during the lifetime of parent or guardian, once the parent or guardian has attained 60 years.
- Any surcharge and cess levied on income are not allowed as business expenditure.
- Brought forward loss cannot be set off against undisclosed income detected during any survey or search.
Indirect Taxes – GST & Customs
- The record collection of Rs 1,38,394 crore gross GST revenues in January 2022, the highest since the inception of GST.
- Concessional customs duty on import of capital goods to be phased out, the initial rate of 7.5% to be imposed.
- More than 350 exemptions on import of some agri products, chemicals, drugs, etc. to be phased out.
- Duty concession on import of parts of phone chargers, transformers, etc. to enable domestic manufacturing.
- Customs duty on imitation jewellery was raised to discourage their imports.
- Duty on specified leather, packaging boxes reduced to incentivise exports.
- Customs duty on cut and polished diamonds, gems to be reduced to 5%.
- Customs duty exemption on steel scrap is being extended by a year to help MSMEs.
- Customs duty on methanol to be reduced.
- Levying additional excise duty at Rs.2 per litre on unblended fuel to encourage the blending of fuel.
- A 6.4% fiscal deficit has been projected for India in FY23.
- Revised fiscal deficit estimated at 6.9% of GDP.
- States to get Rs 1 lakh crore as 50-year interest-free loans to help fund PM Gati Shakti-related investments.
- Effective capital expenditure of the government is estimated at Rs 10.68 lakh crore in 2022-23, about 4.1% of GDP.
- The outlay for capital expenditure to be stepped up sharply by 35.4% from Rs 4.54 lakh crore to Rs 7.50 lakh crore in 2022-23.
- 2 lakh Anganwadis to be upgraded for improving child health.
- Two years of education regression for school going children means that we need to double-up efforts and spending to bridge education gaps. NEP had advocated a 6% of GDP to be directed towards education. While we still remain far short, the announcement of tech-based platforms ‘One class, one TV channel’ program of PM eVIDYA for school children and the establishment of a digital university were the need of the hour.
- Digital university to set up for online education with a focus on ICT using a hub and spoke model.
- Select ITIs in all states that will offer skilling courses.
- One class, one TV channel’ program of PM eVIDYA will be expanded from 12 to 200 TV channels. This will enable all states to provide supplementary education in regional languages for classes 1 to 12.
Startups (Drone, etc)
- Defence R&D to be opened up for industry and startups.
- Startups will be promoted to facilitate ‘drone shakti’ for the promotion of drone usage.
- Government to promote funds for blended finance (government share limited to 20%) for sunrise opportunities such as climate action, agri-tech, etc.
- Fund to be facilitated through NABARD to finance startups for agriculture and rural enterprise, relevant for farm produce value chain. Startups will support FPOs and provide tech to farmers.
- Use of Kisan Drones to be promoted for crop assessment, digitization of land records, spraying of insecticides and nutrients.
- Procurement of wheat in Rabi season 2021-22 and the estimated procurement of paddy in Kharif season 2021-22 will give cover 1208 lakh metric tonnes of wheat & paddy from 163 lakh farmers with Rs 2.37 lakh crore will be the direct payment of MSP value to their accounts.
- Delivery of hi-tech services for farmers to be launched.
- MSP for farmers to be transferred directly into bank accounts.
- Chemical-free natural farming to be promoted in India.
Investment, Sectoral allocation
- Regulatory framework for venture capital to be reviewed; an expert committee to be set up.
- PM development initiatives for the northeast will be implemented for the North Eastern Council. This will enable livelihood activities for youth and women. This scheme is not a substitute for the existing Centre or State schemes.
- RBI to introduce the digital rupee using blockchain technology starting 2022-23.
- Next phase of ease of doing business, ease of living to be launched.
- With a view to supporting sectors disproportionately affected by the pandemic, FM announces extension of ECLGS till Mar-23. Given that nearly 95% of ECLGS borrowers are MSMEs, this measure will ensure continued handholding of MSMEs and of which services sector especially. The services sector, which accounts for more than 60% of India’s GDP, remains an important engine of economic growth, job creation, income generation and livelihood support.
- The extension of ECLG will provide a boon to lending to the MSME sector. Simultaneously, the revamp of CGTSME will be an added incentive for banks to extend lending: SBI’s Soumya Kanti Ghosh.
- Experts say the extension of ECLGS (emergency credit line) till March 2023 is a critical step.
- Measures were taken by the govt to make MSMEs become more resilient and competitive.
- Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme has helped 130 lakh MSMEs mitigate the worst impact of the pandemic.
e-Vehicles and energy
- Energy efficiency and saving measures will be promoted.
- A battery-swapping policy to be brought out with interoperability standards to boost the EV ecosystem.
- FM announces Rs 19,500 crore allocation in PLI for solar modules.
- To reduce the delay in payment, an online bill system will be launched. It will be used by all central ministries.
- Credit growth increased by Rs 5.4 lakh crore this year, the highest in many years.
- 5G spectrum auction in 2022-23.
- Bharatnet project contracts for optical fibre networks will be handed out under the PPP model.
- All villages should have the same access to digital resources as urban areas.
- 68% of the capital procurement budget in defence will be earmarked for the domestic industry in 2022-23.
- Issuance of e-passports with futuristic tech to be introduced in 2022-23.
- The finance minister has said India will start issuing e-passports in 2022-23. When first announced in 2019, these were some of the features proposed:
- These e-passports will take a few seconds to read.
- The prototype was tested in a US government identified laboratory.
- They are expected to have thicker front and back covers.
- The back cover is expected to have a small silicon chip.
- The chip will have 64 kilobytes of memory space.
- Holder’s photograph and fingerprints will be stored in the chip.
- Will have the capacity to store 30 visits.
- States to be supported for urban capacity building.
- An open platform for the National Digital Health Ecosystem will be rolled out. It will consist of digital registries of health providers and health facilities, unique health identity and universal access to health facilities.
- Pandemic has brought to the fore the issue of mental health. A national tele mental health programme will be launched.
Infra, Roadways, Railways, Waterways and Logistics
- New rail products in the form of ‘One Station – One Product’, 400 next-gen Vande Bharat trains, and 100 PM Gati Shakti cargo terminals over the next three years provides integration of NIP with Gati Shakti and is likely to prove crucial in employment generation as the transport network is rich in terms of backward and forward linkages with the rest of the economy.
- Draft DPRs for five river links have been finalised.
- 400 Vande Bharat trains with higher efficiency for passengers will be developed in the next three years.
- The Budget focuses on public investment to modernise infrastructure over the medium term, leveraging the tech platform of Gati Shakti via a multi-modal approach.
- Four multi-modal national parks contracts will be awarded in FY23.
- PM Gatishakti master plan for expressways will be formulated in the next financial year.
- The scope of PM Gatishakti master plan will encompass the seven engines of economic transformation.
Housing and basic amenities
- In 2022-23, 80 lakh households will be identified for the affordable household scheme.
- 60,000 crore allocated for providing access to tap water to 3.8 crore households.
- The value of the increase in infra spend is unclear through PM Gati Shakti plan, unlike the clear 34.5% increase last year to Rs 5.5 lakh crore.
- Ken-Betwa link at Rs 44,605 crore to be taken up to provide irrigation to 9.05 lakh hectares, 65 lakh people drinking water, hydro and solar power.
- Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for achieving Aatmanirbhar Bharat has received an excellent response, with the potential to create 60 lakh new jobs and additional production of 30 lakh crore during the next Keycap digit five years.
- PLI schemes across 14 sectors have achieved a tremendous response and created 60 lakh job opportunities.